The word "obsession" in translation into Russian means: the siege, blockade. "Compulsions" - a compulsion. Thus, obsessive-compulsive disorder is translated from Latin as a necessary protection from obsessive fears. At the same compulsions involve movement in a certain sequence with fixing unnecessary dynamic stereotype.
Violent movements, committed against a person's will turn into certain rituals that are unpleasant for the patient, and at the same time considered necessary for him. Fears can be very diverse: from the fear of open spaces (agoraphobia) to obsessive fear of mental illness (lissofobiya).
Fear of mental disorder characterized by absolutely all people who develop obsessive-compulsive disorder, as awareness of the absurdity of their actions gives rise to serious concerns about their own mental health. However, like the state meet many people with perfectly healthy psyche.
The manifestations of obsessive-compulsive disorder
Virtually everyone is exposed to some fears. This state is enshrined most important innate reflex - defense. Reasonable behavior does not allow to risk their lives and health. People are taking preventive measures to avoid accidents. If a person pays more attention to his own fears, he mentally predicts accidents that may occur. A further line of thought suggests the system of protection against risk.
Therefore, treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder involves "stop thinking." Otherwise, people can wash their hands for twenty or thirty times a day, not to be infected. Emerging concerns to encourage the development of the protection system. The man begins to perceive life as a certain system. At the household level, mild obsessive-compulsive disorder is expressed in the pursuit of various national signs. Man knocking on wood, say something "terrible", spitting over his left shoulder, after a black cat crosses the road back home and have a look in the mirror.
More complex cases are expressed in long-term actions aimed at protection from obsessive fears. Man hides sharp objects, fearing for the health of the household. When strongly expressed obsession arises the fear of making the dangerous action. Suddenly, there were thoughts are mandatory. The patient suddenly embraces the desire to throw himself under the car of a train or push someone. He understands the full absurdity of such a cruel desires and fears to commit such an act.
A characteristic feature of obsessive-compulsive disorder is a kind of psychological compensation, which is a specific action. In mild cases, the patient get out of bed quite definitely on the right foot, and then the obsessive fears recede. In protracted course of the disease when left untreated OCD rituals are multi-stage and visible to others. The patient puts things in strict order. When this system is disturbed by a careless movement, he repeats the manipulation again. It lasts as long as the sequence will be performed in perfect order. Mood instantly deteriorates as soon as he sees that they folded items "ensure protection", are not in place.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder: tests
In order to detect changes in the type of mentality obsessional neurosis developed copyrights tests that reveal a predisposition to obsession, and identify human tendency to magical thinking.
When there is an obsessive-compulsive disorder, the test indicates the presence of collision processes of inhibition and excitation of higher nervous activity. In case of positive result, a person needs skilled care.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder: treatment
In the treatment of obsessional neurosis, the following methods:
- Drug treatment;
- Social rehabilitation.
Psychotherapy has a positive effect, but not always. Principles of Psychotherapy: individual and group, which provide continuous playback of traumatic situations in order to win an unreasonable fear. However, for some patients concerns are not far-fetched, but very real perceived threat. The constant reminder of the traumatic factor, on the contrary, aggravates depression. So when diagnosed obsessive-compulsive disorder, treatment should be prescribed only psychiatrist.
Drug effects in obsessive-compulsive disorder, usually held stationary for two months. Then, the patient is discharged under observation in the clinic. If necessary, further recommended medication, but often, treatment is limited to social rehabilitation. With the patient spends supportive conversations aimed to provide hope for a full recovery. Man learns to live without fear, to teach proper behavior in society, adequate assessment of the environment.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder: forecast
In the treatment of the disease lasts up to one year more than half of the cases the prognosis is favorable - there comes a full and complete recovery. If therapy starts later, obsessive-compulsive disorder becomes chronic and lasts for several years.