General information about the disease
Pulmonary heart - is a pathology that is already more than 200 years, attracts the attention of researchers
. Interest of specialists to the disease is not accidental, because it often leads to early disability of people and causes deaths
. When the diagnosis of pulmonary heart, treatment and prognosis depend on how timely the doctors were able to determine the cause of the disease
. This process is very complex and time-consuming, since the early stages of pulmonary heart keeps potentially reversible and practically does not manifest itself
. On the other hand, the acute form of the disease progresses rapidly to chronic pulmonary heart disease, and treatment of disease formed is a complex and often unpromising task
. It is for this reason that thousands of specialists are working on new methods of diagnosis of the disease and the development of modern drugs with which one could make life easier for patients to prevent the disability of the working population
So what is it that a pulmonary heart? This term refers to the entire complex of cardiac disorders associated with hemodynamic and developing after an illness of bronchopulmonary apparatus. We note here that in the early stages of the disease does not present any particular risk. On the other hand, chronic pulmonary heart leads to circulatory failure and morphological changes in the right ventricle. As a result, people become disabled and can die from sudden cardiac arrest.
Pulmonary heart - disease symptoms and classification
The peculiarities of experts distinguish acute, subacute and chronic forms of the disease. Acute pulmonary heart develops within a few hours or days subacute - for weeks or months, chronic - formed on the background of long-term pathological process. In the case of a chronic form of disease passes through three stages:
- Stage I - the symptoms of pulmonary heart are revealed only when instrumental study and characterized by pulmonary hypertension with minor abnormalities of the right ventricle;
- Stage II - circulatory failure is not present, the disease manifests itself in the form of signs of right ventricular hypertrophy and stable hypertension;
- III stage - there are all signs of stability failure of the right ventricle, that is manifestation of decompensated pulmonary heart.
Now let's talk about what symptoms are characteristic for each form of the disease. Acute pulmonary heart manifests itself:
- pain behind the breastbone;
- sharp, rapid breathing;
- drop in blood pressure (in some cases this can lead to the collapse);
- increasing tachycardia;
- increase of venous pressure;
- enlargement of the liver;
- swelling of the neck veins.
In turn, chronic pulmonary heart detected by hyperfunction of symptoms, and then the right ventricular hypertrophy. For this purpose: an electrocardiogram, chest X-ray and other instrumental methods. In the transition to the third stage of chronic pulmonary heart has pronounced clinical symptoms: tachycardia, swelling of the neck veins, enlarged liver and pulsation of the right ventricle as determined by palpation.
Pulmonary heart - the treatment of the disease
The main therapeutic measures are aimed at addressing the underlying disease and symptoms of respiratory failure. Patients prescribed bronchodilators, respiratory analeptics, expectorants. When decompensated pulmonary heart treatment is carried out with the help of glucocorticoids (prednisone is most commonly used).
Pulmonary arterial hypertension removed eufellinom, nifedipine, nitrates (nitroglycerin and nitrosorbid). However, doctors constantly monitor the oxygen content in the blood, to prevent amplification of hypoxemia. To slow the disease used diuretics and glycosides. The last should be applied with great caution, as the myocardium is very sensitive to its effects. Frequent diuretics are preferred potassium-sparing drug (aldactone, triampur).
Prevention of pulmonary heart is timely detection of the underlying disease that led to the development of pathological processes. The list of diseases for which there is fault of acute or chronic pulmonary heart, has long been known, and doctors responsible attitude to their work, always take into account the risk of such complications. In particular, patients with chronic bronchopulmonary diseases are subject to mandatory medical check-ups, the aim of which is to prevent exacerbations and respiratory failure therapy. Recommended
Oxygen Concentrator bitmos buy d
A prophylactic oxygen and preparation of oxygen cocktails.