Cyst - abnormal
a cavity in the various tissues and organs, and have a wall content.
What is salivary gland cyst?
Cyst of salivary gland or the salivary gland retention cyst - cystic formation, which formed as a result of difficulties or complete cessation of the outflow of secretions from the gland, patency ductless gland, caused by its obstruction, trauma, stopper formed thickened secret. Violation of cross flow of the salivary gland may also be caused by a tumor, exerting compressive force on the duct, or scar, significantly narrowing the channel. The cavity is formed at the same time accumulated a secret stretching himself duct or glandular lobules. Wall retention cysts of the salivary gland is lined with flattened epithelium.
Salivary gland cyst may have a different localization. Depending on the type of salivary gland that is affected by cystic formation, are distinguished:
- Small retention cysts of the salivary gland;
- Ranuli (sublingual cyst retentive character);
- Cyst of the submandibular salivary gland;
- Cyst of the parotid gland (OKZH).
Salivary gland cyst often formed on the mucous membrane of the lips, cheeks. Regardless of the type of the affected salivary gland cysts formed in most cases are asymptomatic. The most common form cysts of minor salivary glands, rarely formed cysts of the parotid gland, which in particular due to the localization of the glands themselves, and the probability of mechanical damage.
A cyst is a small salivary gland: causes, symptoms, diagnosis
A cyst is a small salivary gland - cystic formation is formed in most cases on the inner surface of the lower lip closer to corner of mouth. It can also affect the front portion of the mucous membrane of the cheeks. Localization cysts affecting small salivary glands due to an increased risk of mechanical damage to the data area of the mouth during eating, talking. A cyst is a small salivary gland - a small round shape education, gradually increasing in diameter. In most cases, salivary gland cyst does not cause anxiety to the patient. In rare cases, patients complain of pain at mechanical influence on the Brush: talking, eating, palpation. Usually, cysts affecting the small salivary glands are not deformed shape of the face.
The examination revealed a rounded education, filled with translucent liquid up to 2 cm in diameter. Salivary gland cyst is well above the surface of the mucosa. Cysts of the salivary gland is clearly limited by the surrounding tissues are tight elastic consistency, mobile, painless. Pain may occur when the inflammatory process. In most cases, it found a cyst on one-duct small salivary gland. In rare cases diagnosed Multi-salivary gland cyst. Sometimes spontaneously opening cysts formed on the small salivary gland, by breakage of its shell with arbitrary streaming content in the oral cavity.
In the diagnosis of small salivary gland cyst formation must be differentiated from other tumors of the oral cavity tumor to select the correct treatment.
For the diagnosis of a cyst formed on the small salivary gland duct, the following methods:
Cyst of the parotid gland: causes, symptoms, diagnosis
parotid gland - locally limited education supple, sufficiently dense consistency, painless forming on the parotid salivary gland. This type of cysts of the salivary glands is rare. Cysts formed on the parotid gland, are innate, formed as a result of malformations, as well as the retention or acquisition, formed under the influence of certain internal and external factors. The reasons for the formation of cysts can become OKZH:
- Blockage interlobular duct cancer;
- His mechanical damage and as a result, scarring;
- Chronic inflammation of the prostate.
A cyst that affects the parotid salivary gland ducts, characterized by an elastic consistency and fluctuation. The fluctuation is not detected when the depth of the cysts of the salivary gland.
In the formation of cysts of the parotid salivary gland in the lower part there is a tendency to spread it inside the capsule, which is due to the anatomical structure of the oral cavity, as also complicated diagnosis and treatment. In rare cases, there is a simultaneous failure of two of the parotid glands.
Parotid gland cyst is also characterized by asymptomatic development. Pain observed during the formation of an abscess. When complex forms may be accompanied by the formation of cysts disabilities to open his mouth, flushing of the skin.
Cyst OKZH requires differential diagnosis to exclude other tumors of the parotid gland: lymphadenitis, lipomas, bronchial cysts.
The standard methods of diagnosis of cysts affecting the salivary glands are:
- Computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging contrast mode;
- Aspiration biopsy.
Salivary gland cyst: treatment, prevention
When the diagnosis of salivary gland cysts, treatment involves surgical removal of education. Depending on the location of the salivary gland cyst surgery is performed either vnturirotovym access (small salivary gland cyst) or extraoral (open access). The second method is used when removing cysts forming on the parotid gland. Remove the cysts of the salivary gland is performed under local anesthesia. The principles of prevention education cysts of the salivary glands is oral hygiene.
If any form of salivary gland cyst, conservative treatment methods are not provided.
After removal of the various salivary gland cysts in place dissected education closed with stitches. Within 1-3 days swelling may occur operated area.
Remove the cysts of the salivary gland: Risk Factors
Remove the cysts of the salivary gland is a full surgical procedure, since the manipulation involves the complete separation of adjacent tissues and the removal of the cyst itself. The main risk in removing the salivary gland cyst is a cyst a possible link with the branches of the facial nerve, which is a violation of integrity inevitably entails paralysis of facial muscles and facial distortion. Removal of various salivary gland cysts formed on the surface of the lips or cheeks, entails less risk due to easier access and surface localization of the cyst. When you remove a cyst salivary gland important is the complete removal of its shell in order to avoid relapse.