Cyst of spleen
A cyst is an abnormal spleen formation in the spleen with a cavity, which is filled with liquid. The disease is more common in women than in men, and progresses in age period from 35 to 60 years.
The causes and symptoms of the cyst of the spleen
The main cause of the cyst of the spleen is embryogenesis, resulting in unnatural cavities formed in the body. Also, a cyst can cause injury, unsuccessfully performed operation, inflammatory and infectious processes in the body.
Severe lesions of the spleen associated with exposure to parasites and therapeutic abscess.
In most cases, the cyst of the spleen in a child and an adult occurs without obvious symptoms. The appearance of the first symptoms of the disease is associated with a change in the size of the cyst, its sharp rise and inflammation.
In many patients, the cyst does not affect the general health, does not cause seizures and discomfort. In some cases, symptoms of splenic cyst in a child are paroxysmal spasms and pain in the left hypochondrium, dizziness, fever, nausea and vomiting.
If the cyst has reached a considerable size, the patient feels pain in the shoulder blade and shoulder, he has a feeling of heaviness and lethargy, as well as tingling in the chest, shortness of breath and a little cough.
If the cyst reaches 20% of the spleen, then nausea, stomach dysfunction, weakness, chills, and abscess.
Among the major complications of the disease can be identified:
- cyst rupture with internal bleeding and bleeding into the abdominal cavity;
- cyst rupture of the spleen with acute peritonitis;
- festering cysts;
- disclosure of hydatid cysts;
- During heavy cyst content with the opening into the abdominal cavity.
Types of cysts of the spleen
There are several main types of cysts of the spleen. These include:
- true cysts that are caused by pathological processes during the prenatal period;
- false cysts that develop after injuries, operations, complications after severe diseases;
- parasitic cysts, which are caused by various parasitic microorganisms.
False cysts occur in 70% of cases of the operations adversely and cause bleeding in the tissues of the spleen.
Parasitic cysts are often caused by a parasitic worm echinococcus, which affects the liver, kidneys, spleen and brain. The larvae of the parasite found in the fur of animals, in the grass and ponds.
Diagnosis and treatment of splenic cysts
To identify spleen cyst is necessary to conduct ultrasound as the primary method of diagnosis, and MRI, blood and urine. In order to control the growth of cysts need to conduct routine ultrasound.
Regular screening will help determine the appropriate period of surgical treatment.
The most effective treatment for splenic cyst is laparoscopic surgery.
When spleen cyst operations have several types:
- complete removal of the spleen;
- cyst removal of the spleen and its contents and the shell;
- carved into the wall of the cyst;
- opening the cyst and removal of its contents, the processing chamber;
- removal of the affected area of the spleen.
When spleen cyst laparoscopic surgery type is the traditional method of treatment, allowing completely eliminate the cause of the disease. Cyst removal spleen performed using high-precision instruments and the introduction of a special camera. Duration of surgery was 1, 5 2 hours.
After surgery, while pain persists, but in a short time the rehabilitation of patients completely recovered.