Colloid cyst is an abnormal formation of thyroid gland in the brain and having a view of a high density or cavity with a liquid content.
Causes and symptoms of colloid cyst
Colloid cyst of the thyroid gland, in most cases it is suitable for and requires little treatment, but sometimes observed malignant complications.
Basically, colloid cyst of the thyroid gland has two degrees of development: zero to the absence of nodular goiter and secondary to internal changes, including a neck strain.
Symptoms of the disease are squeezing the neck, difficulty swallowing, sore throat and breathing problems.
The main causes of colloid cysts are stress, overwork, poor diet, lack of exercise, bad habits and irregular sleep disorders alkaline balance.
Colloid cyst of the brain disease is usually asymptomatic, but in rare cases cause a headache. Patients in old age symptoms of this cyst is a severe headache, increased intracranial pressure, hydrocephalus, the ventricles of the brain.
Colloid cyst nodular type has a seal, the cause of which is the lack of iodine in the body, as well as hereditary factors. If the nodes have a size of 5-10 mm, they are not dangerous to human life. By increasing the size of the brush are pressed the esophagus, trachea, and recurrent laryngeal nerve.
Complications in a colloid cyst are sweating, fever, palpitations, irritability and headache.
Types of colloid cyst
Currently, there are two main kinds of colloid cysts: Education in the brain and thyroid nodular seals.
Colloid cyst of the thyroid tissue is a portion of high density with a cavity. The disease does not affect the main function of the thyroid gland, but it may cause a pathology.
Colloid cyst of the brain located in the third ventricle and is not classified as a brain tumor. This cyst looks like a thin gelatinous mass, the contents of which are placed in the capsule.
Medical studies have found that the cyst is a disease hereditary nature, caused by the presence of a specific gene. Some studies have found that brain cyst caused by pathological changes of neuroepithelial cells.
Colloid cyst Treatment
The main method of treatment of colloidal cysts is surgical removal. The operation was conducted neurosurgeon that uses invasive surgical treatments.
Surgical treatment is prescribed in accordance with the age and physical condition of the patient, as well as the stage of the disease.
Surgical treatment of colloid cysts performed with the endoscopic removal of cysts with access to the hemispheric and inter-hemispheric brain regions.
In the case of relapse appoint a second operation to puncture emptying. In the area of the cyst injected sclerosant sticking to its walls and the complete removal of the liquid.
Colloid cyst of the thyroid gland is usually treated conservatively with the appointment of iodine-containing drugs and hormonal agents. If the cyst occurs with severe inflammation, then prescribe a course of antibiotics.
The indications for surgical treatment of the disease state is the large size of cysts in the thyroid gland and compression of the neck.