Corpus luteum cyst
During ovulation, the ovarian follicle ruptures and the egg comes out. At the site of the ruptured follicle forms a temporary endocrine gland - the corpus luteum, releasing progesterone. In the event that pregnancy does not occur, the corpus luteum begins to gradually decrease in size to 11 - 12 day after ovulation, it completely disappears, and in its place formed scar - white body of the ovary. In pregnancy, the corpus luteum functions up to 12 - 15 weeks, and then it takes on the function of the placenta, and it scars.
If the corpus luteum for any reason is not reduced in size and begins to fill with fluid (sometimes with the content of the blood), then talk about the formation of the corpus luteum cyst. This pathology is quite rare. According to statistics, the disease occurs in 2 - 5% of women of reproductive age.
The corpus luteum does not exceed 30 mm in diameter. If it becomes more, then it is a sign of the formation of cysts. Most often, there are corpus luteum cyst diameter from 60 to 80 mm.
Corpus luteum cyst: Causes
At present, the exact causes of the corpus luteum cysts are unknown. It is believed that lead to their formation various violations of lymph and blood circulation in the tissues of the corpus luteum.
The causes of the corpus luteum cyst can also be:
- Long-term use of hormonal preparations;
- Severe mental and physical stress;
- Working in hazardous work;
- Inflammatory diseases of female genital mutilation;
- Poor nutrition, such as long-term and frequent compliance monodiets.
All these factors cause a woman's body and various hormonal disorders, as a consequence, can cause the formation of the corpus luteum cyst.
Often, the corpus luteum cyst formed in pregnant women. It has no negative effect on pregnancy and fetal development.
Corpus luteum cyst: Symptoms
On the appearance of the corpus luteum cyst is a benign small hollow formation containing fluid. For small corpus luteum cysts are usually no symptoms, and find by chance during an ultrasound study of the pelvic organs. These cysts usually disappear on their own within a few menstrual cycles. The liquid contained in them, dissolves, and the walls are gradually subside to form the hem.
Corpus luteum cyst large diameter may stretch the capsule of the ovary and put pressure on its fabric. In this case, patients have complained that they have corpus luteum cyst hurts. These pains are usually drawing and aching in nature, are located in a lower part of the abdomen and often radiating to (give) to the lumbar region.
Such symptoms luteum cyst as high menstrual disorders (bleeding in the intermenstrual period, the delay period) occur in cases where the formation produces hormones.
Complications of the corpus luteum cyst
The danger of the corpus luteum cyst is that it can be complicated by rupture or torsion of the legs of her capsule.
When you break the cyst woman begins to complain that she had greatly hurt the corpus luteum cyst. Then, nausea, dizziness, severe weakness. This complication requires the provision of emergency surgical care. During the operation, make resection site or ovarian cysts suturing bed.
When torsion leg cysts of the corpus luteum in it violated the bloodstream. As a result of the death of the tissue cysts starts (necrosis), and there is inflammation, which quickly spread to nearby organs, including the peritoneum, causing the development of such dangerous diseases such as peritonitis. This complication of a woman also needs emergency surgery. So if you have a sore corpus luteum cyst, then do not waste precious time on self-test, and immediately contact your gynecologist!
Corpus luteum cyst: Treatment
Small luteum cyst diameter of 40 mm generally do not require any treatment and resolve independently for several menstrual cycles. Conservative treatment of cysts of the corpus luteum is prescribed in cases where the patient complains that it hurts the corpus luteum cyst or have menstrual dysfunction. Also conservative treatment is given to patients with recurrent luteum cyst and in those cases when their diameter exceeds 40 mm.
The objectives of the conservative treatment of cysts of the corpus luteum are:
- Payment micronutrient and vitamin deficiency;
- Normalization of metabolic processes, as well as the kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, liver;
- Restoration of normal hormonal balance;
- Treatment of chronic gynecological diseases.
During treatment, the corpus luteum cyst sex life is not prohibited. However, sexual intercourse should be cautious and careful not to rupture the cyst or torsion of her legs. But to exercise-related sudden changes in body position or straining is not desirable.
Surgical treatment of cysts of the corpus luteum is done only in case of failure of conservative therapy or developing complications of the disease.