As there is tartar?
Remains of food, germs, mucus and various microorganisms are the basic building material for the formation of so-called dental plaque. In fact - this is well known to us plaque. He is very soft and easily cleaned off with regular brushing. If you do not maintain oral hygiene, the plaque begins to harden. Typically, this process continues for several months, after which the person is formed tartar. Basically deposits accumulate in places where there is no self-cleaning of the teeth, as it is here formed the ideal conditions for bacteria and tartar.
People who have poor compliance with oral hygiene and brushing their teeth, the amount of fat increases with age, and this process begins in childhood. Launched tartar covers the necks of the teeth and their roots, and in the absence of proper care becomes even dentures.
Causes of tartar
Periodontics identify several factors that can cause the appearance of tartar:
- irregular teeth cleaning, non-observance of oral hygiene;
- habit chew one side of the jaw;
- brushing teeth toothpaste cheap questionable quality;
- predominance in the diet of soft food;
- correctly set the seal, birth defects of the teeth;
- violation of the salt balance in the body.
Types of tartar
Depending on the localization of deposits, experts distinguish supragingival and subgingival calculus. The first clearly visible when viewed from the oral cavity is a white or yellowish mass, has a firm consistency. Removing tartar above the gum does not represent any difficulties and produced in any dental clinic.
Subgingival calculus - very solid, has a dark brown or greenish-gray color. It adheres to the surface of the lower part of the tooth and is only detected during the inspection at the dentist with a special probe.
Symptoms of tartar
First of all, should be wary to people who feel bad breath and suffer from bleeding gums. In order to verify the presence of tartar can be made simple diagnostic procedure: Take a cotton swab dipped in a solution of Lugol and thoroughly clean their teeth. Hardened deposits well differ in a darker color. So it is possible to identify the supragingival tartar, but deposits can accumulate and under the gumline, so if in any doubt and unfavorable symptoms you should immediately contact the dental clinic.
For what purpose is conducted removal of tartar?
Now it should be noted that the plaque is an excellent breeding ground for harmful bacteria that contribute to the development of a number of inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity. In addition, solidified deposits are constantly growing, descend deep into the tooth wells and eventually form a kind of "pockets" - the emptiness where accumulate and rotting food debris. As a result, the tooth loses stability and can simply fall out of the hole. Add to that the unpleasant consequences such as bad breath or bleeding gums, and you'll understand why dentists are constantly told that the removal of tartar is absolutely necessary.
As doctors removed tartar?
At home, make a qualitative removal of tartar is virtually impossible. Yes, soft plaque can be easily removed with a toothbrush, dental floss or brushes, but in the case of hardened deposits, which have a very dense texture, everything is different. Removing tartar can spend only in specialized medical institutions, where experts will conduct a professional dental cleaning. This procedure - not too fast, but it is very effective and painless.
With regard to the methods used, it is usually, doctors use advanced ultrasound products. With their help, removal of tartar produces the most gentle way and does not cause any discomfort to the patient. The operating principle of these devices is based on the use of ultrasonic handpieces that vibrate at a very high frequency. Professional removal of tartar will allow people to forget about the problems with deposits of at least 2-3 months, after which the procedure must be repeated.
After cleaning using ultrasound it is also desirable to carry out the polishing of the teeth and cover them with a special protective structure which prevents bacteria, tartar and tooth attaches attractive appearance.