Dermoid cyst - a benign cyst, which consists of the epidermis, dermis, hair, hair follicle and sebaceous glands. If time is not carried out the removal of a dermoid cyst, then later in 8% of cases of benign it becomes malignant. Dermoid cyst refers to fibroepithelial entities and organoid teratomas, which are composed of connective tissue, rough on the inside and smooth on the outside.
Outside dermoid cyst is surrounded by an oval capsule and reaches the size of a large pea-size or walnut. It has a single-chamber or multi-chamber cavity within which is contained greasy mass with an admixture of keratinized skin flakes and hair. Depending on the contents of dermoid cyst is divided into dense and soft. The symptoms of dermoid cysts are no different from other symptoms of benign tumors, that is virtually absent. However, in the event of a dermoid ovarian cysts large size, the following symptoms:
- The feeling of heaviness in the abdomen;
- Pain in the lower abdomen;
Dermoid cysts grow quite slowly but continuously and without stopping. Complications caused by a cyst may be festering and squamous cell carcinoma. Often, dermoid cyst is formed in the areas:
- Bridge of the nose;
- Nasolabial folds;
- Buttocks and abdomen;
- Anterior mediastinum;
- Fiber eyes and ovaries;
- The soft tissues of the neck and mouth.
Much less common cyst in the temporal, chewing and buccal areas.
Reasons dermoid cyst
The cause of dermoid cyst is wrong fusion of different body tissues during fetal development. It follows that the dermoid cyst is a congenital defect.
Diagnosis dermoid cyst
Dermoid cyst diagnosed during a medical examination. In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination carried out diagnostic procedures to determine whether the cyst is connected to other tissues, which may include:
- Computed tomography (CT) - diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a combination of X-rays and computer technology for cross-sectional images along the horizontal and vertical directions of the body. CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs;
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) - a diagnostic procedure that helps to get detailed images of organs and structures of the body.
Treatment of a dermoid cyst
Specific treatment of a dermoid cyst is determined by your doctor based on age, overall health, medical history and stage of disease.
Surgical removal of dermoid cyst occurs through its opening, evacuation content and full drainage. After the inflammation subsides and it becomes possible excision cyst wall. Duration of the procedure is 10-15 minutes, if the child is ill, it is performed under general anesthesia.
The process of removing a dermoid cysts occur with minimal tissue trauma, it is also possible imposition of virtually invisible cosmetic seams (where the cyst is located in the front area).
Delays in removal of the capsule cysts may cause the beginning of relapse. If this leads to an acute inflammatory process, it is a matter of urgency dermoid cyst is opened and drain the abscess. Radical removal of the cyst becomes possible only after the complete elimination of active inflammation and wound healing.