Gonorrhea in women
Gonorrhea is an infectious disease where the causative agent of sexually transmitted infections (STIs - sexually transmitted infections through). Gonorrhea in women has specific features of the course related to the peculiarities of the female reproductive system. Gonorrhea in women is dangerous because in the absence of treatment and the transition process in chronic, can lead to infertility.
The cause of gonorrhea in women
The cause of gonorrhea in women is, in most cases unprotected sex with a carrier of infection. In rare cases, infection with gonorrhea household by women, usually while using a common carrier of the pathogen towels or washcloths. The most common household by gonorrhea infected girls toddlers (2-6 years), and in most cases the source of infection is infected mother.
Gonorrhoea is a gonococcus. Gonokokki a type of bacteria that are sensitive to drying, antiseptic, heat treatment (death occurs at a temperature above 55 ° C), as well as under direct sunlight. Gonococcus refers to a microorganism with highly contagious. This means that the chances of contracting gonorrhea women in direct contact with the causative agent of a very high probability of about 70%.
Symptoms of gonorrhea in women
Insidious this disease is that early symptoms of gonorrhea in women are usually absent. This is the main difference between gonorrhea in women for gonorrhea in men, because of the erased clinical picture of gonorrhea in women often spreads to the internal organs of the urogenital system and becomes chronic.
Symptoms of gonorrhea among women in the early stages of the acute form, with the defeat of the lower genital tract (labia, vagina, cervix, urethra), not expressed. It may feel a slight burning sensation when urinating, itching in the vagina and thick white discharge. If treatment is not taken at this stage, for urogenital gonorrhea ways spread further and hit the upper part of the genitourinary system, usually the fallopian tubes and paraurethral glands. Symptoms of gonorrhea in women, in this case more pronounced. It's a pain in the abdomen, fever, rapid deterioration of general condition, frequent painful urination and menstrual cycle disorder.
In the transition to chronic inflammation, symptoms of gonorrhea in women again erased. The leading symptoms of gonorrhea in women in this case are menstrual irregularities and infertility.
Furthermore, in some cases, any signs gonorrhea in women can be absent, and the disease would occur in a latent form until the detected or when building chains of person infected partner, or by inspection on another occasion.
It should be noted that the gonococcus epithelium affects mainly the site of inoculation. Therefore, if the sexual contact with a carrier of infection was carried out oral or anal way, the signs of gonorrhea in women manifest in the form of gonococcal stomatitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, gonorrhea or abscess.
Diagnosis of gonorrhea in women
Gonorrhea in women detected by bacteriological examination of the contents of the vagina. Diagnostic feature is the detection of gonorrhea in the smear. Doctors note that in the last few years in isolation gonokokk hardly occurs, and there is a poliinfektsiya when present together with gonococcus and other STIs.
Treatment of gonorrhea in women
Treatment of gonorrhea in women, however, like gonorrhea in men, should begin immediately after the confirmation of the diagnosis. The later started treatment of gonorrhea in women, the greater the likelihood of irreversible changes in the uterine appendages as a result of chronic inflammation.
The main treatment for gonorrhea in women is an antibiotic. Apply the latest generation of antibiotics that can have an impact on gram-negative flora, to which the gonococcus. It must be borne in mind that the gonococcus may have resistance to antibiotics and the fact that the treatment of gonorrhea in women at different stages require different dosages, however self unacceptable.
The use of antibiotics leads to dysbacteriosis as bowel and vagina, so the treatment of gonorrhea in women receiving complete preparations to facilitate the restoration of microflora. An important condition for the treatment of gonorrhea in women is a rejection of alcohol and sex. The therapy is performed under bacteriological control. Gonorrhea in women is considered to be cured only when the control bacteriological examination showed the absence of gonococci in smears or scrapings.
The consequences of gonorrhea in women
As already mentioned, chronic gonorrhea in women can cause adhesions in the uterus, which is the cause of their obstruction and subsequent infertility. Since the process involves and the uterus, even if pregnancy occurs very high risk of miscarriage. In most cases pregnant women with gonorrhea end in miscarriage or premature birth. The baby passes through the birth canal of a woman with gonorrhea, direct contact with the pathogen, resulting in gonorrheal conjunctivitis, blepharitis and newborns.