Left ventricular hypertrophy
Hypertrophy of the left ventricle - a pathological condition characterized by an increase in the size of the heart chambers.
Left ventricular hypertrophy (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy) can develop as a result of some disease, or due to physical exertion, that result in the need to provide the body with an additional amount of oxygen.
Increasing the size of the left ventricle of the heart does not refer to diseases and anomalous deviations that can lead to many serious cardiovascular diseases.
Causes of left ventricular hypertrophy
Left ventricular hypertrophy, as well as the left atrium, can cause a variety of reasons, including as a primary isolated hypertension (high blood pressure). Other causes include left ventricular hypertrophy:
- Aortic stenosis;
- Intense exercise, during which the heart is working in emergency mode. The additional load on the heart without monitoring its work may lead to development of pathological disorders and in some cases is too long and intensive classroom - a heart attack;
- Obesity, which in many cases is the cause of increased pressure and increased demand for oxygen.
In addition, there are several other diseases in which the left ventricle may increase, including Fabry's disease, and muscular dystrophy.
Signs of left ventricular hypertrophy
In the early stages of left ventricular hypertrophy, usually develops no symptoms and pain. A further development of the pathology is characterized by the following symptoms:
- Chest pain;
- Shortness of breath;
- Heart palpitations;
- Rapid depletion during physical activity.
When these signs of left ventricular hypertrophy should consult a cardiologist that will help in time to stop the progression of the disease and avoid complications.
As a link to the systemic circulation, the left ventricle provides blood flow to all organs and tissues, resulting in an increase in its size can cause the development of many cardiovascular diseases, namely:
- Heart attack caused by the interruption of blood supply to the heart;
- Heart failure is characterized by the inability of the heart to pump sufficient blood for normal body volume;
- Coronary heart disease, in which there is an insufficient supply of oxygen to the tissues of the heart;
- Arrhythmias are characterized by abnormal heart rhythm;
- Sudden cardiac arrest, which is manifested as an unexpected stop function of the heart and consciousness and breathing.
Treatment of left ventricular hypertrophy
To prevent complications that can cause left ventricular hypertrophy, recommended regular inspection at the cardiologist.
At early stages of development of left ventricular hypertrophy treatment usually medicated, and includes the use of verapamil simultaneously with the beta-blocker, which reduces symptoms of disease manifestations.
As additional treatment of left ventricular hypertrophy, cardiologists recommend a diet and give up many bad habits - smoking, alcohol, late dinner. The therapeutic diet should include more fresh fruits and vegetables, milk products and seafood, while reducing the volume of baked goods (especially sweets), fried foods, and animal fats.
It is also recommended to review the training regimen, as exercise on the background of left ventricular hypertrophy should be moderate.
In some cases, surgery to remove the displayed portion of the left ventricular hypertrophy exposed.