Inflammation of the salivary gland
A brief description of the problem
First, a few words about what the saliva, and what is its function. On the surface of the oral mucosa, there are three pairs of salivary glands, and a plurality of smaller ducts that produce specific secret - saliva. It is necessary for us to normal processes of digestion, in particular, wetting and softening of solid pieces of food bolus formation and swallowing food. Inflammation of the salivary gland leads to the fact that it ceases to perform its tasks. As a consequence, there are problems with production and secretion difficulty swallowing food. In this article you will learn why begins to develop inflammation of the salivary gland, the consequences it causes and how to deal with it.
Typology of inflammation of the salivary glands
In the human oral cavity, there are three pairs of large glands
. The most common in patients diagnosed inflammation of the parotid gland, which is caused by the epidemic and non-epidemic causes of nature
. In medicine, the disease is called "mumps" and that about it, we want to talk in more detail
. Epidemic inflammation of the salivary gland, the causes of which are well known and understood - is a widespread viral disease - mumps
. From person to person infection is transmitted by airborne droplets
. The inflammatory process is accompanied by swelling of the salivary glands and increase its size
. Most often, inflammation of the salivary gland affects children, but registered many cases when it affects adults
. With proper care, the forecast favorable treatment of an infection, but it is better not to allow its distribution, which requires time and stick to isolate sick anti-epidemic regime
Non-epidemic mumps salivary gland manifested due to blockage of ductless foreign bodies, injuries, sialolithic disease. This form of the disease can also occur after surgery and transferred infections (encephalitis, typhoid, pneumonia, influenza). If a person develops non-epidemic inflammation of the salivary glands, the symptoms manifest themselves in the form of painful swelling in the ear, redness of the skin, protruding ear lobes. Saliva normal consistency is not allocated. Instead, it reveals the secret of turbid or purulent fluid. Often inflammation of the salivary glands accompanied by fever up to 39-40 degrees, and pain when swallowing. Sometimes the patient can hardly open your mouth because of severe pain in the area of inflammation.
Note that adverse symptoms can disappear on their own after decrease in acute inflammatory reactions. But do not rely on luck. When the diagnosis of inflammation of the salivary gland, the treatment should be carried out in conjunction with the observance of the established rules and procedures. Otherwise, the increase in the inflammatory process can lead to parts of purulent fusion cancer and other serious complications.
Above, we mentioned the fact that in most cases, a person develops an inflammation of the parotid gland, but mumps can also suffer sublingual and submandibular salivary glands. And in the first and second cases, the disease can have severe consequences in the form of inflammation of the testicles, nerves, meninges, kidneys, pancreas.
Inflammation of the salivary gland - the treatment of the disease
First of all, consider the treatment of acute forms of inflammation of the salivary gland. It is based on the use of means that increase salivation. Patients assigned to receive one percent or two percent solution of pilocarpine solution of potassium iodide. At the same time it carried out antibacterial therapy and physiotherapy procedures performed. Inflammation of the salivary gland, symptoms which indicate purulent fusion of the cancer, require surgical treatment. This surgery can be directed at both the removal of a foreign body, leading to tragic consequences, and the removal of the entire salivary gland.
In the case of chronic inflammation of the salivary glands, the treatment does not lead to full recovery, but it is temporarily improve the human condition and improves the quality of life. During periods of exacerbation received antibiotics and agents that cause excessive salivation. Good results show galvanization of the salivary glands. In addition, doctors use a solution of penicillin and procaine yodlipol blockade. Once again, that count on the full recovery of patients do not have to, but antibiotic therapy is bearing fruit in the form of improvement and prevention of serious complications.
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