Ultrasound of the kidneys
Renal ultrasound (ultrasound) - is the most effective and yet safe method of diagnosing diseases of the urinary system. The kidneys are well accessible for exactly this kind of research, and thanks to modern technology and precision of the method does not yield even computed tomography, and in some cases, for example, in the assessment of renal blood flow Doppler ultrasound provides unique data.
Renal ultrasound to determine the size, location and shape of the kidney, bladder and ureter. In addition, a study carried out to accommodate the biopsy needle to extract fluid from the subsequent abscess or cyst, or if necessary to install the drain pipe. Using this procedure and to determine the blood flow in the kidneys or to evaluate the graft after kidney transplantation.
Indications for renal ultrasonography
Make renal ultrasound the doctor recommends each patient with symptoms such as:
- disease of the endocrine system;
- high blood pressure;
- pain in the lumbar region;
- dizuricheskie disorder;
- congenital abnormality of the external genitalia;
- pathological entities;
- acute and chronic inflammatory processes;
- traumatic injuries;
- malfunction of the kidneys;
- infectious diseases and inflammatory processes;
- Pathological changes in urinalysis.
Make ultrasound of the kidneys and adrenal glands is recommended for patients with consistently high blood pressure, which can not reduce the treatment.
Despite the fact that during pregnancy ultrasound of the kidneys in our country is not required research, it is recommended to do all the women who are going to become mothers, especially in the presence of any complaints on the part of the genitourinary system and kidneys. Given that pregnancy itself is a factor in provoking the aggravation of kidney disease and the occurrence of infections, detection of kidney problems quite often at this period of life of women. Therefore renal ultrasound during pregnancy is of great importance to monitor the health of the expectant mother.
Also, be sure to make a renal ultrasound is necessary for all professionals to get medical books during routine inspection.
How to prepare for renal ultrasonography
Patients undergoing the procedure, interested in the question, how to prepare for renal ultrasound. Indeed, some have special requirements: no need of any special diet or a bowel movement. Moreover, even enemas are contraindicated.
The only condition for renal ultrasound - a full bladder. Therefore, approximately one hour prior to treatment, the patient should drink 2-4 cups of liquid (water or juice).
How is ultrasound of the kidneys
Conducts research in the patient, usually in the supine position, rarely - standing. In the area of research doctor gets special gel - "conductor" of ultrasound, puts the sensor unit and begins to visualize organs.
Begin with the examination of the bladder, because Emptying it is difficult to see, then move to the ureter, are gradually moving to the kidneys.
To study the second kidney, a patient will be asked to turn over. At the request of the doctor may need to take a deep breath, hold your breath, relax or, conversely, to inflate the abdomen. In the course of the research specialist will make several short breaks to fix the image on the monitor unit and carry out the necessary measurements.
Ultrasound of the kidneys in children
Examination of the kidneys children usually prescribed after the routine laboratory tests in the presence of complaints of pain syndromes or other indications on the basis of medical history. The need for renal ultrasound in infants doctor sets, as well as ultrasound - is completely safe and painless, this procedure can be carried out even in the first month of the baby's life.
Ultrasound of the kidneys in children makes it possible to confirm or refute this or that disease, determine the degree of its severity, if necessary, decide on the treatment regimen.