Cardiography

 Cardiography of the heart and blood vessels
 The concept of "cardiography" combines different methods of studying the heart. There was widespread electrocardiography, with which recorded the electrical activity of the heart. Such vessels cardiography, heart provides an estimate of myocardial blood flow, conductance and heart rate, changes in the size of the cavities of the heart, a thickening of the heart muscle, to identify violations of electrolyte balance, the duration of myocardial, toxic myocardial damage.

The list of the heart from the body surface of the patient (electrodes attached to the chest, legs and arms), record the results of echocardiography and blood vessels of the heart for 5-10 minutes. The result of this diagnosis - heart cardiogram on which doctor - internist, cardiologist or other specialist can analyze the patient's condition.

When administered cardiography vessels and the heart

Indications for echocardiography are pain, discomfort in the heart, neck, back, abdomen, chest (as shown in some cases ischemia), shortness of breath, frequent fainting, swelling of the feet, high blood pressure, heart murmur, rheumatism, diabetes, stroke.

Make cardiogram given to patients in preparation for the operation, during routine annual examinations, pregnancy, preparing the documentation before determining to health institutions and sports clubs, etc.

Besides the people after 40 years cardiogram recommend to do every year, despite the absence of complaints. Only in this way can be time to discover the hidden heart rhythm disorders, ischemia, infarction.

Deciphering ECG

 ECG for heart cardiography
 Make a cardiogram, decrypt the data and if necessary, assign the appropriate treatment can only be a specialist. But to understand some of the terms that are important for decoding ECG and the patients themselves are:

  • heart rate (HR). The indicator displays the amount of heart muscle contraction per minute. If more than 91 cuts per minute - a tachycardia, if 59 beats or less - is bradycardia. The rate of heart rate for an adult - 60-90 beats.
  • Electrical axis of the heart (EOS). This figure is obtained by echocardiography, it helps to understand the position of the heart, to determine the functions of its different departments. The cardiogram can be given normal, horizontal, vertical and deviation to the left or right position of the EOS.
  • Sinus regular rhythm. So we call a normal heart rhythm that sets the sinus node.
  • Non-sinus rhythm. This wording in the cardiogram of heart indicates that heart rate is not specified in sinus node, but some secondary source of electrical potentials of heart, which in turn suggests heart disease.
  • Sinus arrhythmia (irregular sinus rhythm). This term means that the wrong cardiography recorded sinus rhythm with a gradual decrease and increase in heart rate. This can be non-respiratory arrhythmia and respiratory.
  • Atrial fibrillation, or atrial fibrillation. This conclusion cardiography vessels and the heart says that there is a heart rhythm disturbance, most often occurring in patients after 60 years, protekayuscheee without obvious symptoms, and often provoke heart failure, stroke, brain.
  • Paroxysm of atrial fibrillation. So we call on echocardiography revealed a sudden attack of atrial fibrillation. This condition requires immediate treatment, and the sooner it is started, the more likely restore normal heart rhythm.
  • Atrial flutter. Variety of arrhythmia, which is treated worse than a classical arrhythmia.
  • Arrythmia or arrythmia. So cardiogram heart called an extraordinary contraction of the heart muscle causing the abnormal pulse. Ventricular premature beats can be, and atrial atrioventrikulyanoy - depending on the area of ​​the heart, where does such a pulse.
  • Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW). Congenital, which is characterized by abnormal electrical impulses and dangerous arrhythmia.
  • Sinoatrial block. The wording in deciphering ECG indicates a violation of the pulse to atrial myocardium from the sinus node. This pathology is common in cardiosclerosis, cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, heart attack, drug overdose, potassium, beta-blockers, cardiac glycosides, after heart surgery.
  • Atrioventikulyarnaya blockade. This abnormality is detected on the pulse cardiography from the atria to the ventricles heart. It provokes a violation of non-synchronous contraction of the ventricles and atria of the heart.
  • Complete, incomplete bundle branch block. Violation of the pulse in the thickness of the ventricular myocardium. This deviation is manifested in heart diseases, cardiosclerosis, myocarditis, myocardial infarction, myocardial hypertrophy, elevated pressure.
  • Hypertrophy of the left / right ventricle. So called increase in ventricular size or thickening its walls.
  • Scars. Cardiography with this conclusion says that the last patient has suffered a heart attack. In this case, a prophylactic treatment to prevent recurrence and eliminate the cause of circulatory disorders.
  • Prolongation of the interval QT. In deciphering the ECG as indicated by the acquired or congenital cardiac conduction disturbances, accompanied by fainting, arrhythmia, cardiac arrest.

In the survey process to make a cardiogram and children are often prescribed, but it should be noted that the performance of their cardiography parameters differ from adults. For children up to one year is typical fluctuation of heart rate depending on their behavior. The average frequency of contractions in them - 138 strokes EOS - vertical. Cardiography children 1-6 years displayed vertically, and sometimes the normal horizontal position EOS, the frequency of cuts - 128 strokes, often found respiratory sinus arrhythmia. Heart cardiogram children 7-15 l indicates that the normal heart rate - 65-90 blows EOS position - vertical or normal, characterized by respiratory arrhythmia.





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