Ultrasound of the heart
Ultrasound examination of the heart (heart ultrasound) - is an instrumental way to explore the heart, which allows to identify a wide variety of pathologies that can occur at any age. Sometimes mistakenly thought what to do ultrasound of the heart is only necessary to detect congenital malformations of the heart. In fact, ultrasound of the heart reveals a wide range of different diseases in addition to birth defects. Ultrasound of the heart very informative method of research, allowing us to obtain information not only about the state of the valves, but also the size of the cavities of the heart, the presence of pathological currents of blood, the heart muscle. This technique is not only his informative, but also safe. Therefore possible to conduct ultrasound of the heart ultrasound of the heart and the newborn during pregnancy, which does not affect the health of neither mother nor child.
Indications for ultrasound of the heart
Indications for ultrasound of the heart can be both scheduled and emergency.
It refers to a planned testimony of the heart during adolescence and before pregnancy. All young people aged 14 years is recommended to do an ultrasound of the heart. The need for this study at this age due to the fact that teenagers are starting to grow rapidly. The organism grows unevenly any bodies grow faster, some slower. The heart muscle is no different possibility of intensive growth, so the period of increased stress on the myocardium may cause pathological processes in the heart.
If we talk about the pregnancy, the need for ultrasound of the heart due to the fact that pregnancy increases the load on the cardiovascular system. For this reason, if the heart was observed in the structure of any abnormality that has not been diagnosed in the earlier stages of a woman's life, it can affect the course of pregnancy. This leads to disruption of the normal life of a woman, as a result may be a question about abortion. It is also possible to conduct ultrasound of the heart and in pregnancy, if a woman has chronic heart disease, and the study was not conducted in advance. Ultrasound has no effect on the developing fetus.
Increased physical activity can also affect the condition of the heart, therefore people who are professionally involved in sports should periodically do ultrasound of the heart.
Urgent indications for ultrasound of the heart include: the presence of noise in the heart, especially if it is diagnosed in the newborn child, lowering blood pressure, the appearance of shortness of breath, pain in the heart, the presence of a child bluish coloring nasolabial triangle between anxiety or feeding.
Contraindications to ultrasound of the heart
There is virtually no contraindications. There are times when to do ultrasound of the heart is not possible due to technical difficulties. Such a situation may arise if it is necessary to conduct ultrasound of the heart, and no neonatal sensors set in small sizes. Also, it may be impossible to do ultrasound of the heart to young children who have a negative attitude to this procedure.
The methodology of the ultrasound of the heart
At the heart of the heart ultrasound is the ability of tissues of different densities in different ways to reflect ultrasound. Sensors capture device ultrasonic waves that are reflected from the heart and build on-screen image of the results. Informative images obtained depend on the degree of sensitivity of the sensors. Various nozzles for sensors that allow for increased information obtained during the cardiac ultrasound. Using these sensors it is possible to observe the movement of blood inside the cavities of the heart that allows you to diagnose regurgitation (backward flow of blood).
Diseases and conditions that can be diagnosed during ultrasound of the heart
Ultrasound of the heart in infants reveals malformations of the heart and its anomalies. Using ultrasound to diagnose possible heart failure heart valve, the return of blood flow, diagnosed valvular endocarditis. Ultrasound of the heart gives an idea of the structure of the heart muscle and its hypertrophy in the presence of a human hypertension.