A biopsy of the cervix
Cervical biopsy is performed after a gynecological examination or on the results of analyzes were detected deviation. Cervix - the narrow and lower part of the uterus that connects the vagina and uterus located between the rectum and the bladder, from it take a sample of tissue for further analysis and confirm or refute the suspicion of the presence of anomalies, precancerous lesions or cancer.
Features of the procedure
A biopsy was performed on 5-7 day cycle after the cessation of menstruation. Conduct a fence material for research only in the absence of infection, so before the biopsy is required to investigate the flora of the vagina. If an infection is detected, the first woman appointed treatment and only after obtaining good results of analyzes carried out a biopsy.
A biopsy of the cervix - the procedure is painless, short duration, is carried out without anesthesia in the cervix no pain endings, and during the procedure the woman feels a light stretching - it cuts the uterus in response to a touch of instruments. To minimize the reduction is sufficient to relax.
To collect the material using a scalpel, radionozh, biopsy forceps, elektropetlyu.
Biopsy under the control of a colposcope - a device similar to a microscope, and to refer to the modified portion of the epithelium as a dye used Lugol.
A biopsy of the cervix during erosion
Cervical erosion is called flushing that the gynecologist can detect with a standard visual inspection. Redness indicates that there is an inflammation of the cervix, and thus an increased risk of infection. Antibiotic treatment is often ineffective, and the need to work directly with the center of inflammation. Therefore, in addition to appoint a woman to pass colposcopy biopsy of the cervix when erosion - to determine the status of the epithelium and the choice of approach to treatment: medical or surgical.
When erosion cervical biopsy helps to identify chronic cervicitis - prescribe antiviral or anti-inflammatory treatment; squamous metaplasia - the healing process of erosion that does not require treatment; leukoplakia - a disease treated surgically; flat warts - prescribed antiviral therapy and possibly after the second biopsy, surgery; dysplasia - prescribe anti-inflammatory, antiviral, or surgery; Cervical cancer - women should be under the supervision of an oncologist and undergo appropriate treatment.
Types of cervical biopsies
Depending on the results and status of colposcopy cervical biopsy can take a small sample of tissue or remove a site on which an anomaly. Therefore distinguish between these types of biopsies:
- conization. Using a scalpel or laser cervical conical removed tissue fragment;
- biopsy. Material for the study - small pieces epithelium taken from several sites cervix;
- endocervical biopsy. With the help of special tools - curette scraped from the cervix mucus;
What happens after a biopsy
Woman after the procedure may be a few more days to feel mild cramps, for removal of which can be taken as a pain reliever.
The recovery period after a biopsy can take several days or weeks. At this time, can be observed after separation of cervical biopsies - as minor brown and moderate vaginal bleeding.
After a biopsy of the cervix at least two weeks should refrain from physical exertion and sexual activity.
Discharge after the biopsy of the cervix can be greenish or brown and go a few days in the case before the procedure was carried out and extended colposcopy cervix were treated with special solutions.
Yellow discharge after a biopsy of the cervix or discharge with an unpleasant pungent odor may indicate an infection, so women should consult a doctor.
Seek medical help and if during the recovery period, there were symptoms:
- severe vaginal bleeding in intensity similar to or greater than menstrual bleeding;
- severe pain in the abdomen;
After the biopsy and analysis of the results the woman may be appointed or re-colposcopy study or adequate treatment of identified deviations.