The area of study is the urology diseases of the genitourinary system in men, and urinary tract in women. Sometimes the disease of the reproductive system in men isolated in a separate area - andrology, which nevertheless provides a urology, since these two systems in the male are directly connected. Also, the field of urology is a nephrology - direction involved in the treatment of kidney diseases. A special place is occupied by pediatric urology, which is competent, in addition to the above, the removal of congenital anomalies of the urinary and reproductive systems.
The urinary system is very important for the normal functioning of the body and diseases of ensuring its activities, always leads to severe disease, as in the body of accumulated toxic products are gradually poisoning him.
In recent years, due to the increased accuracy of diagnostic methods in urology, it was found that a significant proportion of urological pathology caused by a particular group of pathogens, the so-called urogenital infection, or in abbreviated form, the IGO. This heterogeneous composition of the group of micro-organisms, which include bacteria, viruses, fungi, yeast, mycoplasma and ureaplasma. What unites them is that the target organs for them to serve as organs of the urogenital system. Urogenital infections practically transmitted by airborne droplets, the main ways of its transmission - household and sex, with sexual way predominates, especially in adult patients.
Pediatric urology rarely confronted with diseases caused by the IGO, often plays the role of a congenital abnormality or pathology associated with neuroendocrine disorders, so pediatric urology, however, as urology, dealing with the problems of adults, it is closely associated with neurology.
In urology treatment performed surgical and conservative methods. Currently, the majority of surgical procedures performed by minimally invasive endoscopic techniques, which significantly improve the treatment of many diseases, and reduce the previously large number of complications. Now, by means of endoscopy and microsurgery, it made possible the successful elimination of diseases previously considered incurable, including some developmental abnormalities, even in newborn infants.