Pulmonology - a section of clinical medicine in the area of interest that fall respiratory diseases: lung, pleura, trachea and bronchi. In addition, pulmonologists specialized in the development of new methods of treatment of diseases of the respiratory system, are working on their prevention and diagnosis. Among such diseases can be identified, e.g., an abscess, asthma, lung cancer, bronchitis, emphysema, pneumoconiosis, pulmonary embolism, silicosis, sleep apnea, and sarcoidosis.
A separate area is phthisiology pulmonology. This area deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of pulmonary tuberculosis. In recent years, there is a tendency to integrate tuberculosis and pulmonology, reflecting a change in the approach to the causes and clinical course of tuberculosis. In modern medicine, the disease is associated with other diseases caused by allergic, neoplastic lesions and occupational respiratory system. The problem is that one hundred percent effective treatments for TB does not exist, and the number of infected people is increasing every year.
Despite a number of obvious problems, pulmonology, as science is constantly evolving. Today, doctors can successfully identify and treat diseases that were previously thought to be incurable, and they have identified, as a rule, in the early stages, which significantly facilitates the process of treatment and recovery. For the correct diagnosis using techniques such as bronchoscopy, computed tomography, laboratory and radiological investigations.