Hepatology - Gastroenterology section devoted to the liver.
The need for specialization arose from the fact that the liver is the most important, it is a unique body, and it refers not only to the digestive system, but also to the circulatory system, and also plays a role in metabolic processes. The liver is the main "laboratory" of the body. There synthesized bile acids, bilirubin, blood plasma proteins, lipids, hormones, and enzymes involved in digestion. It cleans the blood of toxic substances to the body: caught outside toxins, allergens, drugs, toxic products of metabolism, excess hormones, etc. The liver is a kind of "depot", which holds an emergency supply of glucose as glycogen, as well as the supply of vitamins and minerals.
Thus, Hepatology is not quite gastroenterological science, it includes and hematology, and endocrinology, and toxicology and a few other types of medical disciplines. Liver disease has serious consequences for the organism. The liver is so important to life that has enormous possibilities for compensation, what perhaps no more, no one body. Like a phoenix, it is able to recover only 20% of health preservation of liver tissue. This feature is used for intravital liver transplant from a healthy donor when recovered from one lobe of the liver transplant recipient, and whose liver has practically lost its function. During the year, the liver is reduced to the standard size and the donor and the recipient.
The viewing area hepatology includes metabolic diseases of the liver and biliary tract (eg, calculous cholecystitis), infectious liver disease (viral hepatitis, parasitic diseases), cancer disease. Regardless of the reason that caused the disease, you need an active, intensive treatment, which sometimes lasts for quite a long time, and constant supervision by a doctor-hepatologist. Currently, there is a steady growth of hepatitis C - a viral infection that attacks the liver. To prevent the spread of the disease, called "tender murderer", as well as other kinds of infectious hepatitis, can active use of preventive measures, it is also one of the objectives of Hepatology.