Endocrinology - area of medicine concerned with diseases of the endocrine glands, provide entry into the blood hormones. This is one of the most difficult areas, covering all parts of the body without exception, because all body functions are controlled by a neuro-humoral mechanism. Neuro - is something that relates to the nervous system and humoral often provide the endocrine glands.
Hormonal regulation - slim and streamlined mechanism for forming a closed loop, because the endocrine glands themselves are also subject to the neuro-humoral control. Endocrine glands regulate the processes of growth, metabolism, mental abilities, sexual function and adaptation to constantly changing environmental conditions, ensuring the constancy of the most important vital functions.
Endocrinology treats disorders of the endocrine glands of two types: an increase in function of the gland (hyperthyroidism) or decrease it (hypothyroidism). It can cause severe consequences, and those and other violations, for example, diabetes is accompanied by hypofunction of the pancreas. In addition to the pancreas endocrinology include the following authorities:
- The pituitary gland;
- The hypothalamus;
- The adrenal glands;
- Gonads (testes in men and ovaries in women).
Diseases of the endocrine glands are common pathology, so diabetes is called the plague of our time. According to published WHO data, every 10 years the number of cases of diabetes increased by 15% - an extremely alarming statistics.
Modern endocrinology has significant capabilities in order to compensate for the lack of input from the outside hormonal hormones (hormone replacement therapy), or reduce the excessive activity of the gland or medication, or surgically. Many diseases in endocrinology require lifelong treatment and regular monitoring by a specialist. This applies to those cases where the function of the gland was lost forever. Unfortunately, to eliminate such pathology today is impossible, but with adequate compensation can improve the quality of life of the patient to normal and allow him to live a long, active life.