Dysport refers to drugs-acetylcholine release inhibitor, as a means of influencing the neuromuscular transmission in humans. It is used in treatment (in order to eliminate violations of muscle tone), and for cosmetic purposes as a means of successfully fighting mimic wrinkles in the forehead, over the eyes, nasolabial triangle.
Release form of the drug - lyophilisates for solution for intramuscular or subcutaneous injection. Complex comprises botulinum toxin type A hemagglutinin in an amount of 300 and 500 U (activity units company).
Cosmetic effect of the drugs on the basis of botulinum toxin, is expressed in a visible smoothing facial wrinkles was recorded in 1982. Prior to that, the botulinum toxin used exclusively for the treatment of neurological diseases.
To date, the drug Dysport registered in the Russian Federation as a means used in neurological and cosmetic practice.
Dysport is a muscle relaxant. The active ingredient of the drug is a toxin type A Clostridium botulinum. It relieves muscle spasm at the neuromuscular end in the area of administration of the agent by blocking the release of acetylcholine. As a result of the activity of the muscles is reduced, which helps to eliminate various diseases and cosmetic problems.
Contained in Dysport botulinum toxin limits conductivity facial muscles, relaxing it, thereby preventing the formation of new and worsening of old wrinkles.
This recovery momentum transfer does not take place immediately, as new nerve endings. Since the concentration of botulinum toxin in the preparation of small, to maintain the effect of Dysport injections must be repeated with the recommended specialist intervals (average interval between treatments is 6 months).
The desired effect of the injection appears Dysport 2-3 days after treatment, reaching its maximum on the 14th day.
Indications for Dysport injections
Indications for use Dysport are diseases such as:
- Hemifacial spasm;
- Dynamic deformation of the foot;
- Spasticity after a stroke;
- Spasmodic torticollis;
- Increased sweating (hyperhidrosis) feet, hands, armpits and other body parts.
For cosmetic purposes Dysport is used in the presence of:
- Facial wrinkles around the eyes ("crow's feet");
- Facial wrinkles in the area between the eyebrows;
- Facial wrinkles on the bridge of the nose;
- Horizontal facial wrinkles on the forehead;
- Deep wrinkles in the face and neck.
The drug is also used as a prophylactic senile skin atrophy.
The procedure for the introduction of Dysport
According to the reviews of Dysport, the procedure is almost painless injection. In deciding on the appropriateness of Dysport, please read the contraindications, the patient takes place in an armchair doctor or cosmetologist. Specialist handles the required land area 0, 5% solution of chlorhexidine, draws a marker line administration and provides local anesthesia.
The main area of administration with the aim of cosmetic correction - the upper half of the face. Correction using Dysport neck and the lower half of the face is done much less frequently.
The contents of the vial (lyophilisate) diluted 300 IU 0, 9% solution of sodium chloride in an amount of 1, 5 ml, 500 U - 0, 9% solution of sodium chloride in an amount of 2, 5 ml. The recommended total dose of a single administration of Dysport in the forehead, glabella, the site of the outer corner of the eye and the bridge of the nose should not exceed 200 units of the drug.
If Dysport used for cosmetic purposes, subcutaneous administration of the preparation is carried out short and thin needle, after which the treated area put on ice for 10-15 minutes. The whole procedure is carried out quite quickly - only 5-7 minutes.
After the injection of Dysport are not allowed to rub and massage the treated areas of the face, take antibiotics, do sports. For 7-10 days after the procedure is not recommended to attend bath, sauna, as well as abusing alcohol.
Immediately after the session, experts advise for 3-4 hours in an upright position during the day to actively stretch the facial muscles in the areas treated with the drug.
Dysport and consequences
As with any drug Dysport has side effects. These include mikrogematomy in the areas of administration, increased swelling, eye tic, headache, nausea, itching in problem areas, respiratory infection, a temporary reduction in the century. Each of the above effects of Dysport is reversible.
Due to the peculiarities of the drug, whose introduction in the mid-lower part of the face is associated with certain risks, side effect of the procedure (especially if it was made by unqualified specialist) may be deformed or facial asymmetry. In order to eliminate the effects of Dysport to correcting correction resort is not recommended, it is more expedient to carry out a light massage the problem area on the background myostimulation and receiving B vitamins
The feedback to the Dysport contains information about people, not susceptible to botulinum toxin, as well as those who develop resistance to Dysport after the first procedure. In this case, the effect of the subsequent sessions of administration will be zero.
Before using Dysport specialist should inform the patient about the relative and absolute contraindications to the drug.
Relative contraindications to Dysport are:
- Common disease (worsening);
- infectious diseases;
- Conditions after alcohol abuse;
- The tendency to increased swelling of the face;
- The time period of at least 3 months after surgery for facial tissues;
- Receiving drugs, antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants;
- Antibiotics (if less than 14 days after treatment);
- Admission muscle relaxants and benzodiazepines;
- Severe ptosis of facial tissue, "hernia" in the upper and lower eyelids.
There is also an absolute contraindication to the use of the drug to carry out injections of Dysport in which is not allowed categorically. These include:
- Miastenopodobnye syndrome, myasthenia gravis;
- Pregnancy, lactation;
- Diseases of the blood (leukemia, hemophilia);
- Chronic diseases of the respiratory tract;
- Neuromuscular diseases;
- The high degree of myopia;
- Children under 12 years old.