Chemical peeling is called a burn (injury) of the layers of the dermis and epidermis. As a result of skin damage
runs the update process (regeneration) of skin tissue. For chemical peeling typically use glycolic, salicylic, mandelic, and trichloroacetic acid and fruit acids. Many reviews of the chemical peeling is said that this procedure rejuvenates the skin, eliminate stretch marks and scars, acne, pigmentation. The facial skin after a chemical peel becomes light and smooth, becoming more healthy and youthful appearance.
Types of chemical peels
There are deep, middle and superficial peeling. The depth of treatment depends on the exposure time and the means used.
Superficial chemical peels - the most secure and easily portable form of exfoliation. Superficial peels most commonly performed for the correction and prevention of age-related skin changes. To perform this cosmetic procedures are commonly used alpha hydroxy acids (fruit acids). These include malic, citric, lactic and glycolic acids. In cosmetology most widely used glycolic acid. The high penetrating power due to the small size of the molecules of glycolic acid.
When used regularly, the procedure of surface peeling smoothed fine wrinkles become less visible spots, shrink large pores.
Superficial chemical peels lasts from ten minutes to half an hour. The procedure usually consists of four to ten sessions. Most often it is painless, but sometimes a patient may experience burning and tingling. The interval between sessions is one to two weeks.
Median peeling helps to correct scars, wrinkles, stretch marks (striae). During this procedure the skin basement membrane is not damaged, the effect occurs at the full depth of the epidermis.
With deep facial peels are subjected to the effects of all the layers of the epidermis. The structure of the basement membrane in the procedure is violated. Deep chemical peels face - the most radical of all types of peels. This process can be likened to plastic surgery carried out under general anesthesia. For this procedure most commonly used phenol or trichloroacetic acid.
Indications for use of chemical peels
Chemical peeling is used to prevent skin aging, treating the problem of oily skin, acne, papillovirusnoy infections, as well as to eliminate keratitis, hyperpigmentation and age correction of cosmetic defects - wrinkles, wrinkles, aging skin. Also, the peeling procedure used in preparation for a deep mechanical peeling or plastic surgery.
Methods of chemical peels
to this procedure, the number of sessions, the concentration and type of acid used is determined by the physician. At the beginning of the procedure the skin is cleaned with special solutions for degreasing and normalization of acidity. Then the skin is applied evenly acid and neutralized it with a special solution.
Another important point is the skin care after a chemical peel. The effect of facial rejuvenation after peeling very noticeable, but the procedure itself is considered to be quite traumatic. The reaction to the procedure peeling individual. It depends on the kind of acid, the type of skin and the exposure time.
Chemical peels at home
Chemical peeling at home can be carried out with the preparations with a low concentration of fruit acids (4-10%). Before the procedure, you need to test skin tolerance acids.
Conduct peeling in the home is not recommended for hypersensitivity of the skin, in the presence of tumors and inflammatory processes in the skin. Do not carry out this procedure at home in cardiovascular and psychiatric diseases. Peeling also be carried out in the summer, because the interaction of ultraviolet rays with acids may contribute to skin hyperpigmentation.