The appearance of red and blue spider veins in the wings of the nose, chin and cheeks, on the thighs, calves, hands - the fate of half the people on the planet. This phenomenon is called telangiectasia and is mainly a cosmetic defect, since reticulum typically stands out against the background of healthy skin. However, sometimes the so-called spider veins as large and visible (for example, on the face) that can become a cause complexes and deteriorating quality of life. Fortunately, modern cosmetology has the means to combat this defect. And the most effective of these is the removal of the vessels.
When you want to delete vessels
What looks like a starry blue or red mesh on the skin, on closer inspection, it is an extended five times the vessel. If the diameter of the healthy vessel - about 20 microns, then expanded - 100 microns.
Telangiectasia are arterial, venous and capillary. Their appearance can be caused by a variety of reasons, the most common of them - the genetic predisposition. Telangiectasia can develop due to liver diseases, disorders of the venous outflow, bleeding disorders.
In most cases the removal of vessels on the face and body requires women because among the beautiful half of Spider veins are found in 70%. Usually, their appearance is connected with the pregnancy. After birth teleagniektazii appear even in young women. Older people have the appearance of the blood vessels, usually associated with impaired patency of veins. Risk factors also include surgical trauma, excessive tanning (as in the solarium and natural), frostbite, the skin, the use of hormones, deep facial peels, radiation therapy. All these negative effects can damage the capillaries, then you may need to remove the vessels.
Methods of removing the vessels on the face and body
To date, the most successful methods of removal of vessels, in the opinion of cosmetologists are:
- Laser coagulation;
- Ozone therapy.
Laser removal of vessels - the most common method of dealing with telangiectasia. It is based on the selective effect of the laser beam. The fact that the laser light energy when exposed to abnormally dilated vessel is absorbed by oxyhemoglobin, the surrounding tissue is not affected and do not heat up. The temperature inside the vessel rises and caking occurs inside wall or "soldering", whereby the container gradually collapses.
Laser removal of blood vessels - a procedure quite costly, but has many advantages. Since the skin tissues are not heated, and the operation is painless and has a minimum of contraindications. The procedure takes a little time - to remove a tiny star, take a few seconds, a large mesh will have to be removed in a couple of sessions. Patients often feel uncomfortable, but the development of burn completely excluded.
The method of laser removal of vessels is contraindicated to patients who take antibiotics and drugs of the retinoids, as well as owners of dark and heavily tanned skin, since in this case it is not excluded skin heating. After the laser removal of blood vessels can lead an ordinary life, but in the first month should refrain from a solarium, sauna and sports facilities. When you delete a large spider veins on the legs, you may have to use a compression garment.
Mikroskleroterapiya veins - a method of removing the vessels, in the opinion is much more affordable, although having more contraindications. This method involves the introduction of the drug into the lumen of the vessel, which breaks down the vein to form a fibrous strand. These drugs are called sclerosant. Undesirable features of this method of disposal receptacles Review cosmetologists, is the ability to burn and soft tissue necrosis caused by the introduction of aggressive chemical reagent and scarring at the site of blood vessels. The method is not recommended for patients with abnormalities of the vascular bed, heart diseases, thrombophlebitis, atherosclerosis of the lower extremities, as well as diabetes, allergies to sclerosant, inflammatory skin diseases, pregnancy and lactation.
Thermocoagulation - removal vessel via a high-frequency electric current. As in the case of laser ablation, the vessels are sealed. This method allows you to remove even the smallest vessels and has no contraindications. However, the high frequency current does not act as selectively as a laser, it heats the tissue, which can cause burns, which, however, is healed within a week, leaving little residue.
Ozone - a modern method of removing vessels of similar reviews with sclerotherapy, but instead of sclerosant used ozone. The patient feels discomfort only in the moment of injection. The method is considered to be low cost and almost no contraindications, but it is not recommended during thrombocytopenia, hyperthyroidism, low blood clotting and possible allergy to ozone.
Removal of vessels on the face
If you see a spider veins on the inside of the thigh or on the hands, for example, can be ignored, then, stood out on his face, telangiectasia becomes a serious cosmetic defect. Unlike acne and acne, spider veins do not pass on their own. Moreover, most of telangiectasias progressed over the years expanding, becoming more noticeable.
Found spider veins on the face or body? Hurry to consult a dermatologist. If your external data is all right, but you will be pregnant, or are you afraid of the appearance of spider veins because of heredity, do not wait until you need the removal of vessels on the face - Get preventive telangiectasia.
You will come to the aid of vitamin C is involved in the formation of collagen, which in turn, strengthens the walls of capillaries. In addition, it is helpful to eat foods rich in vitamin K, which increases the vascular wall and makes them less permeable and vitamin P - it increases capillary resistance to harmful environmental influences. Do not forget about proper nutrition, healthy lifestyles and optimal physical activity, and then, most likely, surgery to remove the vessels will not be necessary.