Scar removal procedure is generally carried out in connection with the fact that they do not disappear with time
And, in varying degrees, are cosmetic defect.
Tripe - a dense connective education arising as a result of tissue regeneration following inflammation or damage. For example, scars appear on the skin after healing the wounds in the myocardium - after infarction in the duodenum - after ulcer.
The choice of method the removal of scars depends on their type and how long ago they appeared.
Types of scars and their causes
Dermatologists and cosmetologists are constantly faced with the need to remove the scars. In addition, the proliferation of connective tissue following trauma or likely burns or as a result of certain acute and chronic skin diseases such as acne or chicken pox. First, the scars have a reddish tint, and subsequently depigmentation. Characteristics of scars depends on the following factors:
- The location and depth of the wound;
- Incorrect treatment of injuries;
- Metabolic disorders (atherosclerosis, diabetes, vitamin deficiencies);
- Age (scarring in adults is noticeably smaller than in children and adolescents);
- Individual characteristics (abnormal scarring is more common in dark-skinned and red-haired people);
- Hereditary predisposition.
The formation of scar is also influenced by the X-ray and ultraviolet radiation, and wound infection.
A method for removing scars may depend on the type of defect formation
. Hypertrophic or keloid scars appear on the skin at the result of excessive production of collagen and formation of large amounts of tissue. Elastin is almost not involved in this process. In the area of the scar marked darkening of the skin, itching and pain. After proper treatment and recovery of the stratum corneum of the skin scar is leveled and has a healthier color.
Removal of atrophic scarring type also helps to get rid of a serious cosmetic defects. This type of scarring is observed the opposite pattern - a defect is located below the level of the skin, has a pale color and reduced sensitivity. After various skin diseases, such as cystic acne, there are areas where the dermis thins and almost completely absent subcutaneous fat. It is in these places there are depressions.
Scarring in the form of craters or pits is most characteristic of acne and chicken pox. By the formation of "chipped" lack of education leads scar tissue beneath the skin, which was destroyed by an eruption. Intensity of the defect depends on the stage and severity of the transferred inflammatory processes.
As a result of the natural wound healing sometimes formed thin white scars. They are not subject to traditional methods of treatment and may grow after grinding or scraping off the top layer of the dermis.
When hypopigmentation to remove scars, reviews, successfully used silicon wafers
By which creates anoxia and thus reduce the synthesis of collagen.
After a bit of damage, such as minor burns or acne, the skin may become brown or purple hue. Hyperpigmentation is the result of excess melanin and can persist for a long period.
If the tissue grows without compromising the integrity of the skin, it is likely that there is a scar atrophy. Her example is a strip of skin atrophy. Education striae or stretch marks usually occurs when a sharp increase in body weight, as well as during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Methods for the removal of scars
reason for seeking a dermatologist are just postoperative scars, removal of which is the best way to get rid of expression should be surgery
. The following correction methods:
- Drug treatment;
- Buki therapy;
- Surgical resection;
Resorption and promote healing of scars variety of ointments, which restores the blood circulation and accelerate the regeneration of tissues. Typically, drugs combined with physiotherapy.
Buki-therapy is used to remove the scars of hypertrophic type. The surface layers are exposed to X-rays, causing deformation of suspended growth and scar tissue.
Introduction under the skin of small doses of different drugs in mesotherapy effect on small scars, but also gets rid of age spots and small wrinkles.
Cryosurgery with liquid nitrogen freezes the abnormal tissue, disrupting the vital functions of cells.
This method of scar removal, in the opinion of experts, has almost no contraindications and does not require anesthesia
Surgical excision is indicated for small scars. After the elimination of excess connective tissue impose intradermal cosmetic seams. Characteristics of the new scar depends on many factors, and the final outcome of the transaction can be estimated no sooner than 3 months.
Dermabrasion is a mechanical method of resurfacing the skin to remove the scars of any complexity, including the recently acquired. The procedure consists in removing the surface layer of the dermis using a special set of cutters. Dermabrasion can not be performed in areas with difficult terrain and thin skin, such as the eyelids.
Principle scar removal laser is layered polishing old connective tissue and stimulation of elastin and collagen fibers. The most gentle considered Erbium laser, acting locally and does not affect healthy skin.
Many experts prefer to spend scar removal laser into force sensitivity and precision of this method
Not allowing a deep tissue damage.